Hematuria is blood in the urine. Normally, urine does not contain any blood.
There are 2 kinds of hematuria:
- Microscopic hematuria—small amount of blood that is not visible to the naked eye
- Gross hematuria—enough blood to make urine appear red or tea-colored
In some cases, the cause of hematuria is never found. The full list of known causes is lengthy. Some of the more common causes include:
- Injury to the abdomen, pelvis, or internal organs of the urinary tract
- Vigorous exercise—resolves with rest
- Urinary tract infection or kidney infection
- Cancer of the prostate , kidney , or bladder
- Kidney disease
- Kidney stones
- Bleeding disorders such as hemophilia
- Certain congenital diseases such as polycystic kidneys
- Radiation of the pelvis for cancer treatment
- Certain medications
Factors that may increase your risk of hematuria include:
- Medications such as certain antibiotics and pain medications
- Family history of kidney problems
You may not have any other symptoms.
You may also have symptoms related to the cause. For example, kidney stones can cause pain in the side, belly, or groin.
When Should I Call My Doctor?
Call your doctor any time you notice blood in your urine.
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a specialist.
To help find a cause, your doctor may do:
- Urine tests
- Blood tests
Images of your pelvic and belly structures may be taken with:
Treatment will depend on the cause. Some will not need treatment. Symptoms may also resolve on their own.
Other may need medicine or surgery.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 09/2018 -
- Update Date: 09/03/2014 -